Introduction

The borders  of Czech state provide for centuries a distinct, unchangeable shape to this country.  However, even this traditional and proven  statement is not free of contextual layers and varying meanings.  This small country in the heart of Europe documents how its borders as  expression of stability  have been and are at the  same time ever-changing, evolving  and  transitional.Political, geographical and psychological borders: they have always influenced each other. In today´s world, borders are also changing their meanings.  The physical borders are disappearing,  psychological borders are growing stronger.

Thus, the aim of  our European semester is to concentrate on the changing borders of the world (political, geographical and psychological) and to examine their mutual  influences.